Revolutionibus Orbium Celestum
Hij herformuleerde Aristarchus' theorie
En grondvestte aldus de moderne astronomie
Zodat er een nieuwe ideeënwereld naakte
Die aan ons bijgeloof een einde maakte
Met zijn planeet die om een ster heen draait
Heeft Copernicus ons gedachtengoed verfraait
Waardoor de wetenschappelijke tijd aanving
En de kerkelijke macht ten onder ging
Nu zitten we revolutionair op een aardbol
Die elliptisch elk etmaal om zijn eigen as tolt
En wentelen we heliocentrisch na de oerknal
Moederziel alleen door het heelal
... Thus, you know that before the observations of modern times -- that is to say, during the first centuries and down to the fifteenth century of the Christian era -- all the mathematicians of the world agreed that the earth was the center of the universe, and that the sun moved. The famous astronomer who was the protagonist of the new theory discovered the movement of the earth and the immobility of the sun. Until his time all the astronomers and philosophers of the world followed the Ptolemaic system, and whoever said anything against it was considered ignorant. Though Pythagoras, and Plato during the latter part of his life, adopted the theory that the annual movement of the sun around the zodiac does not proceed from the sun, but rather from the movement of the earth around the sun, this theory had been entirely forgotten, and the Ptolemaic system was accepted by all mathematicians. But there are some verses revealed in the Qur'án contrary to the theory of the Ptolemaic system. One of them is "The sun moves in a fixed place," which shows the fixity of the sun, and its movement around an axis. Again, in another verse, "And each star moves in its own heaven." Thus is explained the movement of the sun, of the moon, of the earth, and of other bodies. When the Qur'án appeared, all the mathematicians ridiculed these statements and attributed the theory to ignorance. Even the doctors of Islam, when they saw that these verses were contrary to the accepted Ptolemaic system, were obliged to explain them away.
[2 Cf. Qur'án 36:37.]
[3 Cf. Qur'án 36:38.]
It was not until after the fifteenth century of the Christian era, nearly nine hundred years after Muhammad, that a famous astronomer made new observations and important discoveries by the aid of the telescope, which he had invented.  The rotation of the earth, the fixity of the sun, and also its movement around an axis, were discovered. It became evident that the verses of the Qur'án agreed with existing facts, and that the Ptolemaic system was imaginary.
In short, many Oriental peoples have been reared for thirteen centuries under the shadow of the religion of Muhammad. During the Middle Ages, while Europe was in the lowest depths of barbarism, the Arab peoples were superior to the other nations of the earth in learning, in the arts, mathematics, civilization, government and other sciences. The Enlightener and Educator of these Arab tribes, and the Founder of the civilization and perfections of humanity among these different races, was an illiterate Man, Muhammad. Was this illustrious Man a thorough Educator or not? A just judgment is necessary.
(Abdu'l-Baha, Some Answered Questions, p. 22) ...
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Schrijver: Henk Jonker, 10 aug. 2019
Geplaatst in de categorie: wetenschap